A group of researchers from Chalmers University of Technology in Goteborg (Sweden) announced they had created a vacuum photons (elementary particles of light radiation). If it proves true, this extraordinary experiment proves the existence of quantum mechanics.
One of the most startling predictions of modern quantum theory is that empty space is not empty. In fact, teeming with virtual particles in vacuum, which come and go. These vacuum fluctuations also have measurable consequences, such as changing the magnetic moment of the electron.
But this is an indirect proof vacuum fluctuations. Researchers have sought a more direct way to observe the virtual particles that make up the quantum vacuum. 40 years later, in 1970, G. Moore suggested that a mirror is moved at a speed close to that of virtual photons of light could turn into real observable photons. This effect was later called Dynamic Casimir effect (DCE).
Swedish physicists have communicated on May 25, 2011 as observed experimentally for the first time this dynamic effect Casimir using superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID). Physicists have modulated the SQUID inductance, and applying a magnetic flux. Thus, Squid behaved like a perfect mirror, oscillating at a speed of about 5% of the speed of light. Were obtained as real photons (coming from the SQUID), whose sharp images were published by researchers in Sweden